California

The War Over Vehicle Emission Standards: Uncooperative Federalism?

October 25, 2019

In September, the war against stronger vehicle emission standards got real.  We went from two and a half years of escalating rhetoric between the Trump administration and California to dramatic federal action with potentially profound consequences.  The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (“NHTSA”) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) jointly issued new rules to…

Counterfeit Campaign Speech

October 16, 2018

On September 28th, California Governor Jerry Brown signed a new law that forbids the surreptitious use of bots to, among other things, influence Californians’ votes in an election. The law is a disclosure rule: the bot may speak, but it must clearly identify itself as nonhuman. Critics have suggested that California’s new law is vague…